Students are responsible for meeting all program requirements. Program advisors are available to assist with the appropriate course selection to meet graduation requirements. Before completing their final 30 credits, students are encouraged to have their progress reviewed by a program advisor to ensure that they meet all graduation requirements.
Students enrolled in the following programs: double major, major/minor, double honours or honours/minor are permitted to double count a limited number of credits between the two fields of study (see Double Counting of Credits in Honours, Majors, and Minors).
The B.Sc. with Honours provides an intensive program of study in an established discipline or program. Students who complete this program will learn to work independently with a high standard of competency in their chosen field. Honours programs require students to acquire sophisticated analytic and communication skills. May require completion of an honours thesis. Requires a minimum grade average as specified by the program.
Please refer to the individual major program description for course and credit requirements.
Major with a Science Minor
In addition to a major, a student may receive a minor in either another Science discipline (See Incompatible Majors, Honours, and Minors) or in an interdisciplinary Science area (such as the Data Science Minor or the GIS Minor) by earning at least 30 credits, of which at least 18 must be at the 300 or 400 level. These 30 credits must be in a discipline different from the student's major. Please refer to the individual major program description for the requirements for a minor. The student must also complete all requirements for the major.
Major with an Arts Minor
B.Sc. students may earn a minor in the following Arts disciplines: Anthropology, Art History and Visual Culture, Creative Writing, Cultural Studies, Economics, English, French, Gender and Women's Studies, Geography, History, Indigenous Studies, Latin American Studies, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Spanish, Sociology, and Theatre. To complete an Arts minor, students must complete at least 30 credits in an Arts discipline. At least 12 of these 30 credits must be in courses numbered 300 or above.
Major with a Fine Arts Minor
B.Sc. students may earn a Minor in Visual Arts. Note: due to the number of credits required, adding this program to a degree of study may result in it requiring more than four years to complete.
Major with a Management Minor
B.Sc. students may earn a Minor in Management. To complete a Management minor, students must complete at least 30 credits in Management courses. At least 18 of these 30 credits must be in courses numbered 300 or above. There are specific courses at both first and second year that are also required.
Double Major in Sciences
A student may earn a double major by completing all program requirements for each major. Completing a double major in the Sciences will likely require more than 120 credits. Note: the two majors must be from different disciplines (See Incompatible Majors, Honours, and Minors). It is not possible to double major in two sub-areas of one discipline.
Double Major in Arts and Sciences
A student may earn a double major by completing all program requirements for the B.Sc. degree with a major plus completing the requirements for a major offered in Arts. Completing a double major in Arts and Sciences will likely require more than 120 credits. B.Sc. students completing a double major in a program offered in both, Sciences and Arts, must follow the requirements for the B.Sc. version of both programs. Arts elective credits may be obtained through the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and the Faculty of Creative and Critical Studies in courses not designated as science outside their program.
Double Counting of Credits in Honours, Majors, and Minors
Students enrolled in the following programs: double major, major/minor, double honours or honours/minor are permitted to double count a limited number of credits between the two fields of study. No more than 6 upper-level credits that count toward the program-specified requirements for the first major or honours may be double counted to fulfill requirements for the second honours, major, or minor. Thus, in order to graduate, double major students must have at least 54 program-specified upper-level credit requirements, and major/honours and minor students must have at least 48 upper-level credits; this number of credits cannot be arrived at by double counting. Students should be aware that by double counting they could substantially weaken the intellectual content of one of their fields of study.
Incompatible Majors, Honours and Minors
B.Sc. students may enroll only in one program of study (honours, major, minor) in the following cases:
- One of Biology, Ecology Evolution and Conservation Biology, Microbiology, Zoology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- One of Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
In addition, Data Science majors/honours may not receive a second major/honours or minor in Statistics, and Statistics majors/honours may not receive a second major/honours or minor in Data Science.
Bachelor of Science, General Studies
See General Studies B.Sc. for program details.