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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

The Major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology will provide students with a strong background in biochemistry, biology, and chemistry so that they will be well-placed to develop their interests and move on to graduate school, or work in allied fields such as microbiology, environmental sciences, plant science, food science, pharmacology, pharmaceutical sciences, industrial applications of molecular techniques, and biotechnology. This program is also suitable for students who would like a career in health or medical sciences, molecular diagnostics, and government agencies dealing with medicinal biochemistry. The program is composed of two options leading to a Major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. There is a strong lab component to the program, which is essential for students working in this area. The program also allows for the students to do a directed studies research project with various professors in both Chemistry and Biology.

There are two options in the Major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology:

1. Biochemistry option: encompasses a broad selection of courses from all areas of chemistry as well as biology. This option is especially suited for professional careers in medicine, biochemistry, and biophysics and is well suited to research careers in basic and translational medicine, as well as university and marketplace laboratories.

2. Medical and Molecular Biology option: takes students into the medical aspects of biochemistry and molecular biology, including pharmacology, medical microbiology and virology, and the biochemical basis of disease. This option will be of interest to students who would like to do medical research in the future, or those who would like to work in medical or allied health sciences.

The Major is structured to meet the requirements of a major in Science and will normally take four years.


First and Second YearsCredits
BIOL 116, 1256
CHEM 111 or CHEM 121; and CHEM 113 or CHEM 1236
MATH 1003
One of MATH 101 or 1033
PHYS 111 or 1123
PHYS 121 or 1223
ENGL 1091, or two of ENGL 1121, 113, 1141, 150, 151, 153, 154, 155, 156, CORH 20326
BIOL 2003
BIOL 2283
BIOL 2653
CHEM 203, 2046
CHEM 2013
Non-science electives46
Biochemistry Option 
MATH 20033
One of CHEM 211, BIOL 202, STAT 2303
Medical and Molecular Biology Option 
One of BIOC 211, BIOL 201, 204, 205, 209, 210 or CHEM 2113
One of BIOL 202, STAT 2303
Total Credits60


Third and Fourth Years 
BIOC 304, 3056
BIOL 3663
BIOC 3933
Non-science electives46
Biochemistry Option 
Three of BIOC 402, 403, 405, 410, 412, 420, 4259
CHEM 3053
Two of CHEM 304, 330, 333, 335, BIOC 494, BIOC 49556
Upper-level science elective6
Upper-level arts or science electives6
Medical and Molecular Biology Option 
BIOC 308, 3096
Two of BIOC 402, 403, 405, 410, 4126
BIOC 4073
One of BIOC 494, 49553
BIOL 3183
Two of BIOL 312, 314, 341, 3636
Upper-level elective3
Total Credits60
Minimum credits for degree120

1Credit will only be granted for one of ENGL 109, 112 OR 114.

2It is recommended students take CORH 203 to fulfill the English or Communications requirement.

3Prerequisites for MATH 200 are: either (a) MATH 101 or (b) a score of 65% or higher in MATH 103.

4 Students entering the B.Sc. in 2024 or later must complete at least 9 credits of non-science designated courses and 3 credits from INDG 100 or ENGL 114. Students who entered the B.Sc. prior to 2024 are required to complete 12 credits of non-science designated courses. These students are strongly encouraged to take INDG 100 or ENGL 114.

5BIOC 494 and/or 495 (Biotechnology Laboratory I and II) can be replaced by BIOC 448 or BIOC 449, a 6-credit lab-based directed studies or honours course, though students may take all.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Honours Program

The Honours in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology provides an intensive program of study through coursework and research experience. Students who complete this program will have the ability to work independently and with a high level of competency.

The course requirements are the same as in the Major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology program, except that 6 credits must be in BIOC 449.

Admission Requirements

  • Fourth-year standing (minimum of 78 credits in the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Major).
  • Minimum grade average of 76%.
  • Enrolment in BIOC 449 with a research project and a research supervisor approved by the department.

Graduation Requirements

  • Completion of the course requirements for the Major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
  • A minimum 76% graduating grade average (GGA).
  • BIOC 449, with a minimum grade of 76%. A written thesis, with a public presentation of the thesis in the form of a poster or a seminar.


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