Students are responsible for meeting all program requirements. Program advisors are available to assist with the appropriate course selection to meet graduation requirements. Before completing their final 30 credits, students are encouraged to have their progress reviewed by a program advisor to ensure that they meet all graduation requirements.
Students enrolled in the following programs: double major, major/minor, double honours or honours/minor are permitted to double count a limited number of credits between the two fields of study (see Double Counting of Credits in Honours, Majors, and Minors).
The Faculty of Science currently offers Major programs in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Biology; Chemistry; Computer Science1; Data Science; Earth and Environmental Sciences; Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology; Economics1; Environmental Chemistry; Freshwater Science; Mathematics1 ; Microbiology; Physics and Astronomy; Psychology4; Statistics; and, Zoology. Completion of a Major program prepares students for career-entry positions, graduate study, or admission to post-baccalaureate professional programs. Students entering a Major program should note the courses listed in years one, two, three, and four as indicated under each discipline.
The B.Sc. with Honours provides an intensive program of study in an established discipline or program. Students who complete this program will learn to work independently with a high standard of competency in their chosen field. Honours programs require students to acquire sophisticated analytic and communication skills. May require completion of an honours thesis. Requires a minimum grade average as specified by the program.
In addition to a major, a student may receive a minor in either another Science discipline (See Incompatible Majors, Honours, and Minors) or in an interdisciplinary Science area (such as the Data Science Minor or the GIS Minor) by earning at least 30 credits, of which at least 18 must be at the 300 or 400 level. The minor must be in a discipline different from the student's major. Please refer to the individual major program description for the requirements for a minor. The student must also complete all requirements for the major.
A student may earn a double major by completing all program requirements for each major. Completing a double major in the Sciences will likely require more than 120 credits. Note: the two majors must be from different disciplines (See Incompatible Majors, Honours, and Minors). It is not possible to double major in two sub-areas of one discipline.
A student may earn a double major by completing all program requirements for the B.Sc. degree with a major plus completing the requirements for a major offered in Arts. Completing a double major in Arts and Sciences will likely require more than 120 credits. B.Sc. students completing a double major in a program offered in both, Sciences and Arts (i.e. Psychology and Economics) must follow the requirements for the B.Sc. version of those programs. Arts-elective credits may be obtained through the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and the Faculty of Creative and Critical Studies in courses not designated as science outside their program.
Students enrolled in the following programs: double major, major/minor, double honours, or honours/minor are permitted to double count a limited number of credits between the two fields of study. No more than 6 upper-level credits that count toward the program-specified requirements for the first major or honours may be double counted to fulfill requirements for the second honours, major, or minor. Students should be aware that by double counting they could substantially weaken the intellectual content of one of their fields of study.
Incompatible Majors, Honours and Minors
B.Sc. students may enroll only in one program of study (honours, major, minor) in the following cases:
- One of Biology, Ecology Evolution and Conservation Biology, Microbiology, Zoology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- One of Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
In addition, Data Science majors/honours may not receive a second major/honours or minor in Statistics, and Statistics majors/honours may not receive a second major/honours or minor in Data Science.
This program provides a comprehensive education in science with the opportunity for some specialization in two or three of the following eight areas: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biology, Chemistry, Earth and Environmental Sciences (including certain courses in Geography), Economics1, Mathematical Sciences (including courses in Computer Science, Mathematics, Statistics, and Data Science), Physics (including courses in Astronomy) and Psychology.