Freshwater Science

Major in Freshwater Science

The Freshwater Science program integrates and synthesizes aquatic aspects of biology, chemistry, geography, and earth and environmental sciences. Students will study water quality and quantity, aquatic organisms, and the health of aquatic ecosystems

This program prepares students for careers related to inland aquatic ecosystems. Graduates of this program will acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to deal with future national and international freshwater environmental problems - both in water quality and quantity. In addition to employment in freshwater and environmental sectors, graduates will be prepared for graduate study and research in freshwater science.


First Year Credits
BIOL 116, 125 6
CHEM 111 or CHEM 121 3
CHEM 113 or CHEM 123 3
EESC 101, 111 6
MATH 100 3
MATH 101 or 103 3
PHYS 111 or 112 3
PHYS 121 or 122 3
Total Credits 30


Second Year  
BIOL 201 3
One of BIOL 202, GEOG 271, STAT 121, 230 3

One of CHEM 201, 210

CHEM 211 3
EESC 205, 222 6
Communication Requirement1 6
Non-science electives 6
Total Credits 30


Third and Fourth Years  
BIOL 308 3
FWSC 3752 3
CHEM 301 3
EESC 212 3
EESC 301 3
EESC 402 3
One of EESC 305, 342, 413, 435 3
Two of EESC 309, EESC 323, EESC 423 6
One of EESC 313, EESC 314, EESC 315, GEOG 310, GEOG 314 3
Upper-level Science electives 9
Non-Science electives3 6
Electives3 15
Total Credits 60
Minimum Credits for Degree 120

1Communication Requirement: This may be fulfilled by 6 credits from: APSC 176, 201, CORH 203, ENGL 109,112, 113, 114, 150, 151, 153, 154, 155, 156, BIOL 313, EESC 398. In exceptional circumstances, such as transfer students, other courses may be permitted by the program advisor. Students who have not completed the Communication Requirement by the time they enter fourth year will not be permitted to enrol in any courses other than courses that satisfy the requirement.

2In lieu of FWSC 375, two of BIOL 204, 205, 209, 210 will be accepted.

3At least 6 credits of these electives must be at upper-level.

Freshwater Science Honours Program

The Freshwater Science Honours program is designed for dedicated students in Freshwater Science desiring a recognized research component in their B.Sc. degree. Students must maintain a high academic standing, and demonstrate their ability to undertake independent research through completion of an individual research project.

Admission Requirements

  • Fourth-year standing;
  • A minimum overall grade average of 76% in 200-, 300- and 400-level courses applicable to the Major in Freshwater Sciences
  • Enrolment in EESC 449 with a research project and supervisor approved by the department head.
  • An individual research project as agreed upon by the student and the supervisor; and
  • Permission of the Department Head.
  • In exceptional cases, such as transferees from another institution, a student may be admitted to the Honours program notwithstanding the criteria listed above.

Graduation Requirements

  • Completion of the course requirements for the Major in Freshwater Science with EESC 449 Honours Thesis representing 6 of the 120 credits;
  • A 76% graduating grade average;
  • A minimum average of 76% in all 300- and 400-level courses applicable to the Major in Freshwater Sciences; and
  • A minimum grade of 76% in EESC 449. A written thesis is required and the research must be publicly presented as a seminar or poster.


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